Mount Everest - 8,849 m/29,031 ft
Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. the China-Nepal border runs across its summit point. Its elevation of 8,848.86m was most recently established in 202 by the Nepali and Chinese authorities.
There are two main climbing routes, one approaching the summit from the southeast in Nepal (known as the "standard route") and the other from the north in Tibet. Climbing Everest presents dangers such as altitude sickness and extreme weather as well as significant hazards from avalanches and the Khumbu Icefall. As of 2019, over 300 people have died on Everest, many of whose bodies remain on the mountain.
On 29th May 1953 Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary made the first official ascent of Everest, using the southeast ridge route and the Chinese mountaineering team of Wang Fuzhou Gonpo, and Qu Yinhua made the first reported ascent of the peak from the north ridge on 25th May 1960.
Lhotse - 8,516m/27,940ft
Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world after Mount Everest, K2 and Kangchenjunga. Part of the Everest massif, Lhotse is connected to the latter peak via the South Col. Lhotse means "South Peak" in Tibetan and the summit is on the border between Tibet and the Khumbu region of Nepal.
The main summit of Lhotse was first climbed on 18th May 1956, by the Swiss team of Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger from the Swiss Mount Everest/Lhotse Expedition. On 12th May 1970 Sepp Mayerl and Rolf Walter of Austria made he first ascent of Lhotse Shar.
The Lhotse standard climbing route follows the same path as Everest's South Col route up to the Yellow Band beyond Camp 3. After the Yellow Band, the routes diverge with climbers bound for Everest taking a left over the Geneva Spur up to the South Col, while Lhotse climbers take a right further up the Lhotse face. The last par of the summit leads through the narrow "Reiss couloir" until the Lhotse main peak is reached.